Just as President Obama’s budget proposal has gotten everyone to talk about taxes, there are opportunities to make gift and estate arrangements that everyone should be aware of. Wealthy individuals and families still have an opportunity to use higher gift and estate tax exemptions to pass assets to their heirs if they act before these exemptions expire at the end of 2012.
Though, of course, none of us can predict when we will die, we can control how and when we make gifts. Individuals and couples with the foresight to make gifts in 2012 can take advantage of gift tax and estate tax exemptions that are scheduled to expire at year-end, so it would be wise to discuss these with your estate or tax strategist – and sooner rather than later in the year. There may be a rush to do this at year-end. The bottom line is, waiting to do this will result in your paying more taxes if, as scheduled, these temporary provisions sunset on December 31, 2012.
In 2012, individuals can make gifts of $5 million or couples can gift $10 million and not owe any tax on the gift. The tax rate on a larger gift is also lower in 2012, topping out at 35% for assets gifted in excess of the exemption. With some estate and gift planning techniques, investors can make additional trust arrangements and potentially shelter even more of their gift or estate from tax, depending on their individual circumstances.
But beware, if you wait, this favorable tax treatment for estates and gifts is scheduled to expire at the end of 2012. According to Brett Ferguson, Senior Congressional Correspondent for Bloomberg BNA Daily Tax Report, “Obama wants,” to roll the estate and gift tax rates “back to the ’09 levels,” with a gift or estate exemption of “$3.5 million each and 39% top bracket,” for 2013.
Ferguson spoke on a tax panel at the Bloomberg Portfolio Manager Mash-up in New York on February 16, with attorneys Alan Gassman, of Gassman Law Associates, Stanley Ruchelman, of the Ruchelman Law Firm. Bloomberg reporter Margaret Collins moderated.
Higher Taxes in the Proposed Budget
President Obama’s Budget proposal, released this week, contains higher personal income tax rates, higher taxes on capital gains, and much higher taxes in dividends. The budget outlines rolling taxes back to the pre-Bush-Tax-Cut era, “to 2001 tax rates, a highest income bracket of 39.6% and a tax penalty,” Ferguson said. Individuals making an adjusted gross income (agi) of $200,000 or couples earning more than $250,000 would pay 39.6% tax rate plus a surplus rate of 3.8%.
Perhaps what would hurt even more is a big hike in the tax investors would pay on dividends. Currently taxed at a top rate of 15%, as proposed, dividends would be taxed as ordinary income, just like taxable bonds, so the top rate would be 39.6%, and for individuals/couples earning in excess of $200,000/$250,000 the 3.8% surtax would kick in, the panel noted. The top capital gains would be 20% instead of the current 15%.
There is also a provision to eliminate the Alternative Minimum Tax, which generates $ 1 trillion, and replace it with a version of the so-called Buffett tax, imposing a minimum 30% tax on individuals earning more than $1 million a year, the panel said.
There is now a “sheriff’s mentality at IRS, Ruchelman said, now, it seems, “you make money and you give the IRS a preferred return. Before, you made money and hired people to drive the tax down as much as possible.”